Ubuntu forums hacked

Chris Mills reports:

Canonical announced today that its popular Ubuntu forums have been hacked. Attackers appear to have gather the  user names, emails and IP addresses of two million users. Some passwords may have been accessed, although they were encrypted.

The company was at pains to point out that the Ubuntu code and update mechanisms were not affected, so it doesn’t pose a threat to the security of the underlying operating system. Still, it’s not a ringing endorsement of the company’s security policies, especially considering the hack was only possible because of a known security breach that hadn’t been patched.

Read more on BGR.

Here’s is Jane Silber’s announcement on Ubuntu:

There has been a security breach on the Ubuntu Forums site. We take information security and user privacy very seriously, follow a strict set of security practices and this incident has triggered a thorough investigation. Corrective action has been taken, and full service of the Forums has been restored.  In the interest of transparency, we’d like to share the details of the breach and what steps have been taken.  We apologise for the breach and ensuing inconvenience.

What happened

At 20:33 UTC on 14th July 2016, Canonical’s IS team were notified by a member of the Ubuntu Forums Council that someone was claiming to have a copy of the Forums database.

After some initial investigation, we were able to confirm there had been an exposure of data and shut down the Forums as a precautionary measure.  Deeper investigation revealed that there was a known SQL injection vulnerability in the Forumrunner add-on in the Forums which had not yet been patched.

What the attacker could access

The attacker had the ability to inject certain formatted SQL to the Forums database on the Forums database servers. This gave them the ability to read from any table but we believe they only ever read from the ‘user’ table.

They used this access to download portions of the ‘user’ table which contained usernames, email addresses and IPs for 2 million users. No active passwords were accessed; the passwords stored in this table were random strings as the Ubuntu Forums rely on Ubuntu Single Sign On for logins. The attacker did download these random strings (which were hashed and salted).

What the attacker could not access

We know the attacker was NOT able to gain access to any Ubuntu code repository or update mechanism.

We know the attacker was NOT able to gain access to valid user passwords.

We believe the attacker was NOT able to escalate past remote SQL read access to the Forums database on the Forums database servers.

We believe the attacker was NOT able to gain remote SQL write access to the Forums database.

We believe the attacker was NOT able to gain shell access on any of the Forums app or database servers.

We believe the attacker did NOT gain any access at all to the Forums front end servers.

We believe the attacker was NOT able to gain any access to any other Canonical or Ubuntu services.

What we’ve done

Cleanup

  • We backed up the servers running vBulletin, and then wiped them clean and rebuilt them from the ground up.
  • We brought vBulletin up to the latest patch level.
  • We reset all system and database passwords.

Hardening

  • We’ve installed ModSecurity, a Web Application Firewall, to help prevent similar attacks in the future.
  • We’ve improved our monitoring of vBulletin to ensure that security patches are applied promptly.

Update: After tweeting a link to the announcement, I was contacted by someone who shared what may be the motivation for the hack. The following had allegedly been shared with the source in a group convo:

ubuntu

“When U report a vuln to ubtuntuforums
& they ban you 4 times rather than replying to ur PM
time to sell a DB lol”

The same source tells me that it was this vulnerability.

About the author: Dissent

Has one comment to “Ubuntu forums hacked”

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  1. Anonymous - July 18, 2016

    Commmon man, another Vbulletin hack. You get what you pay for. Vbulletin has been plagued with issues in the past, and people are slow to change, or update live servers. Here is the result again. Enough said.

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